02 Nov Why is Charlotte Called the Queen City?
Why is Charlotte Called the Queen City?
Charlotte, North Carolina – the home of Father & Son Electric – has a history dating back to before the Revolutionary War. King George III still ruled the Colonies when European settlers chartered the town back in 1768. According to a history of the city on Charlottesgotalot.com, they named the new hamlet after the King’s wife, Queen Charlotte, and gave thesurrounding county the name Mecklenburg in honor of her majesty’s birthplace in Germany.
Independence Square got its name during the American Revolution. In May of 1775, more than a year before Patriot leaders signed the Declaration of Independence, Charlotte made its own statement of defiance against Britain. The Mecklenburg Resolves of May 31, 1775, declared the “authority of the King or Parliament” to be “null and void.”
Tradition holds that there was even a full-blown Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence created on May 20, 1775. However, no copies exist, and the document never appeared in any Colonial newspapers or other records. Although there isn’t physical proof of its existence, it’s city tradition to celebrate the Meck Dec each year on May 20.
Late in the Revolution, the article continues, British General Cornwallis swept into town—and soon wished he hadn’t. Local sharpshooters peppered his men mercilessly in the 1780 Battle of Charlotte and the Battle of Kings Mountain nearby.
As he departed, it is said that Cornwallis wrote in his diary that Charlotte was a “hornet’s nest of rebellion.” Today, the hornet and hornet’s nest are popular civic symbols. You will find them on police officers’ uniforms and NBA Charlotte Hornets’ uniforms, among other places in town.
Railroads had a great impact on the local economy. In 1852, local investors in Charlotte and upstate South Carolina succeeded at completing the first rail line to enter the heart of theCarolinas. It connected Charlotte with Columbia, South Carolina, where existing tracks transported goods to the port of Charleston, South Carolina. The North Carolina state legislature immediately authorized construction of a second line to link Charlotte with Raleigh, North Carolina.
That railroad crossroads made tiny Charlotte a hot spot in the Civil War from 1861 to 1865. The Confederates manufactured cannon and ironwork for their ships here, and when Richmond, Virginia, fell in the last days of battle, Confederate President Jefferson Davis fled south along the rail lines, holding a final full meeting of his cabinet in a house on Tryon Street.
Charlotte came out of the Civil War stronger than ever, says the charlottesgotalot article. Troops had cut the railroad to Columbia, but it was quickly restored. African Americans, who comprised 40 percent of Mecklenburg population, were now free. Charlotte’s population doubled during the 1860s, hitting 4,473 in 1870.
Leaders in Charlotte and across the post-war South talked avidly of creating a New South. The region would no longer rely on slavery and farming; like the North, it would embrace factories and urbanization.
By the 1880s, Charlotte sat astride the Southern Railway mainline (the “main street of the South”) from Atlanta, Georgia to Washington, D.C. Farmers from miles around brought cotton to the railroad platform Uptown, where today’s EpiCentre (aptly named!) bustles with activity. Local promoters began building textile factories, starting with the 1881 Charlotte Cotton Mill that still stands at Graham and 5th streets.
By the 1920s, this part of the Carolinas—from Greenville and Spartanburg in South Carolina to Winston-Salem and Durham in North Carolina—surpassed New England to become thenation’s top cotton manufacturing district. Charlotte blossomed as the trading city for the region. The city’s population soared from less than 20,000 residents at the turn of thecentury to more than 100,000 by 1940.
Today’s Charlotte is a major banking center, home to several colleges and universities, and has a professional football team the Carolina Panthers and an NBA team, the Charlotte Hornets, plus the NASCAR Hall of Fame. If you’re planning to install a new Man Cave where you can watch your favorite sports teams or races, call Father & Son Electric to make sure that everything’s wired as it should be. These electricians in Charlotte NC have more than 30 years of experience as Charlotte NC electricians. If you need a 24 hour electrician near you, Father & Son is also ready to help. For your next project, call for a Father and Son quote. You’ll be pleased that you did.